On January 3, 1912, Scott and four other men began the final push to the South Pole. They reached the South Pole on January 17, 1912, only to discover that Amundsen had beat them to the pole on December 14, 1911. While they did not fail to reach the pole, Scott’s polar party failed to be first and failed to return home, as all five perished on their way back from the South Pole (South-pole.com, n.d.).
You have been recruited to be a team that plans to retrace Scott’s final expedition. While the expedition plans to stay true to the historic time period of the expedition, the main mission of your expedition is to successfully reach the South Pole and return home safely. Use the provided information sources to learn about how things went wrong for Scott and how Amundsen’s expedition was more successfully carried out, and then create a proposal of what your expedition will do differently. Remember to try and stick with what resources were at least potentially available to Scott in 1912.
Cool Antarctica. (n.d.). Roald Amundsen - crew of the Fram Norwegian South Pole Expedition 1910–1911. Retrieved from http://www.coolantarctica.com/Antarctica fact file/History/antarctic_whos_who_fram.htm
Cool Antarctica. (n.d.). Robert Falcon Scott (1868-1912) page 2 The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-13. Retrieved from http://www.coolantarctica.com/Antarctica fact file/History/Robert Falcon Scott2.htm
Cool Antarctica. (n.d.). Robert Falcon Scott – the journey to the pole. Retrieved from http://www.coolantarctica.com/Antarctica fact file/History/Robert Falcon Scott3.htm
Race for the Pole. (n.d.). Race for the pole: Historical acts of courage and endeavour told as the events unfold. Retrieved from http://raceforthepole.co.uk/
South-pole.com. (n.d.). Roald Amundsen. Retrieved from http://www.south-pole.com/p0000101.htm
South-pole.com. (n.d.). The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-13. Retrieved from http://www.south-pole.com/p0000090.htm
ProcessStep 1: Working in groups of at least two, determine who will research and make notes about Robert Falcon Scott’s Terra Nova expedition (1910-1913) and who will research and make notes about Roald Amundsen’s Norwegian Antarctic expedition (1910-1912).
Step 2a – Robert Falcon Scott: This step is for those in your group that will research and make notes about Robert Falcon Scott’s Terra Nova expedition (1910-1913). Read through the information about his expedition using the below resources. As you read make notes about the expedition with particular focus on things that went wrong. Do not forget to note what the expedition’s strengths were, such as what they did right or well.
- Robert Falcon Scott’s Terra Nova Expedition 1910-13
- Robert Falcon Scott’s Journey to the Pole
- The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-13
Step 4: As a group brainstorm how you the reenactment of Scott’s expedition should be carried out. In particular, discuss what you would do differently from what Scott did and how you might incorporate strengths you learned from Amundsen’s success. Browse the Race for the Pole website for more information on Scott’s and Amundsen’s expeditions including their journals. Before continuing on to step 5, create an outline of what main aspects your group would change and keep the same for the reenactment expedition.
Step 5: Create a proposal outlining what you would do different from Robert Falcon Scott and why. You can choose to create a video, Word document, or PowerPoint presentation as your final product.
|Step 2 Notes||Student has clear and thorough notes for the sources they were assigned to look at for the group.||Student’s notes are missing key points from their assigned sources and/or notes are unclear.||Student’s notes include only one or two key points.||Student makes no notes or too unclearly recorded to understand.|
|Group Notes||Notes include several key points on strengths and weaknesses about both Scott’s and Amundsen’s expeditions.||Notes include key points about both expeditions, but are missing one or two key points from group members Step 2 notes.||Notes only features key points from one expedition or are missing many key points recorded in Step 2.||No notes are recorded.|
|Proposal Outline||Outline features at least 3 examples of what the reenactment will do differently from Scott and what it will do the same as Scott.||Outline features only two examples of what the reenactment will do differently from Scott and/or what it will do the same as Scott.||Outline features only one example of what the reenactment will do differently from Scott or what it will do the same as Scott.||Outline is not done or it is unclear whether the key points are what will be done differently or the same.|
|Final Proposal||Proposal clearly explains how the reenactment should be carried out. Proposal is also free of grammatical errors.||Proposal fails to address one key point about what might be done differently from Scott’s expedition and/or contains a few grammatical errors.||Proposal fails to incorporate knowledge learned about both expeditions and/or has many grammatical errors.||No final proposal is done, the final proposal does not include what would be done differently, or it has so many errors it is hard to understand.|
- The Last Place on Earth by Roland Huntford – This book is a dual biography of Scott and Amundsen.
- Let Heroes Speak: Antarctic Explorers, 1772-1922 by Michael H. Rosove – This book covers 25 of the early Antarctic expeditions from when Cook discovered Antarctica in 1772 and the British Imperial Expedition of 1920-22.
- The South Pole by Roald Amundsen – This is a first hand account of Amundsen’s expedition to the South Pole.
- Surviving Antarctica: Reality TV 2083 by Andrea White – This is a fictional book about teens competing in a Historical Survivor TV series that has them reenacting Scott’s expedition to the South Pole.
- The Worst Journey in the World by Apsley Cherry-Garrard – This book focuses more on the scientific aspect of the Terra Nova expedition and is written by one of the men that was in the search party that discovered Scott’s body and journal.